Other Vulnerable Subjects

Pregnant Women

Some types of studies may include procedures that could potentially harm an unborn child or pregnant woman. For this reason, federal guidelines identify pregnant women as a group that warrants special protection.

A more detailed description of considerations pertaining to pregnant women and fetuses is provided in federal guidelines (45 CFR 46, Subpart B).

Prisoners

Since incarceration may affect the ability to make a truly voluntary and uncoerced decision, specified safeguards are provided to prisoners who are considering participating in research.

A detailed description of considerations pertaining to prisoners is provided in federal guidelines (45 CFR 46, Subpart C).